Program Mission Statement
The Associate of Applied Science degree in Medical Laboratory Technology provides the academic and practical experience necessary to attain entry-level competency in the practice field. This educational model has a strong academic structure and offers intensive technical development. This model also emphasizes the critical importance of leadership in the field of clinical laboratory science through the application of principles related to problem solving and evaluation, education, communication, research and management. The faculty of the MLT Program has a responsibility for the impact the student enrolled in the MLT Program may have on patient testing. In order to fulfill this responsibility, the program has established minimum technical standards that must be met, with or without reasonable documented accommodation, in order to participate in the program and graduate.
The philosophy of the Medical Laboratory Technician program at New River Community and Technical College is to ensure that students are exposed to unique and dynamic experiences in order to develop entry level MLT practitioners that have acquired a body of knowledge and skills.
The Program is based on the altruistic and compassionate values shared by the Medical Laboratory profession and New River Community and Technical College which acknowledge the significance of human differences and promote respect for the dignity of the individual.
The overall goal of the program is to prepare graduates who are knowledgeable and respected clinical laboratory technicians, and who are lifelong learners with the potential for progression to clinical laboratory scientists and leadership as supervisors, manager, and educators. The primary goals of the program are:
- To train competent and reliable medical laboratory technicians for successful employment
- To provide well-trained medical laboratory technicians to meet hospital and community needs
- To provide educational programs and experiences in all sections of the clinical laboratory
- To provide sufficient didactic and technical information for the student to understand analytical processes, interpret analytical results and appreciate the clinical significance of analyses performed in a modern clinical laboratory
- To develop in the student the technical laboratory skills to perform manual and automated procedures with confidence and reliability
- To provide instruction in laboratory instrumentation, quality control and quality assurance, laboratory management, research and educational methodology
- To provide a stimulating atmosphere to encourage continuing education of clinical laboratory technicians
- To have the student achieve passing scores on external certification and licensure examinations
- To develop flexibility to adapt to changing need, new procedures and new topics in clinical laboratory science practice
- To maintain the standards of the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences
- To instill in the student an awareness of themselves as professionals and an awareness of their responsibility to the growth of their profession
Program Supporting Goals
- To obtain the appropriate resources for the MLT Program to support retention of qualified faculty and staff; operating and capital expenses (including but not limited to equipment, supplies, and technology for instructional purposes); program space; library and learning resources; student services; and technical support
- To maintain appropriate admissions processes, criteria, and program prerequisites to facilitate successful program completion
- To align program enrollment with available resources
- To maintain qualified adjunct and supporting faculty
- To ensure qualified clinical education affiliate faculty are supervising students and provide development activities for clinical education affiliate faculty as resources allow
Program Entry Level Competencies
The main objective of MLT internship education and training is to prepare the student to become a licensed, certified professional medical laboratory technician. At the end of the internship at New River CTC and the clinical affiliated laboratories, the student will be able to:
1. Perform emergency, routine and complex special analyses in the disciplines of hematology, hemostasis, urinalysis, parasitology, mycology, virology, clinical chemistry, serology, immunohematology, and microbiology honestly and without bias
2. Understand and interpret the clinical significance of laboratory assays and test results
3. Assume responsibility and accountability for accurate and precise results without unnecessary delay by demonstrating proper patient identification, careful handling of specimens, reliable assay performance and accurate reporting of test results
4. Correlate test results with disease states so as to recognize expected patterns and solve discrepancies
5. Understand, operate and troubleshoot a variety of automated laboratory instruments including personal computers and laboratory information systems
6. Design and implement systems of quality control, maintenance records, equipment maintenance and professional communications
7. Describe the functions of laboratory management and how they are carried out
8. Understand and apply principles of educational methodology
9. Research, develop and select clinical assays and laboratory instruments based on laboratory needs, space and budget
10. Behave professionally at all times by:
a. punctually attending work on each scheduled day
b. showing initiative and actively participating in learning and work opportunities
c. assuming responsibility and accountability for his/her own work decisions
d. demonstrating honesty and integrity in performing work and dealing with patients, coworkers and other personnel
e. dressing in accordance with laboratory and hospital standards and observing good personal hygiene
f. interacting cooperatively and respectfully with patients, instructors, fellow students and other personnel
g. maintaining high morale by accepting constructive criticism, concentrating on materials presented, registering complaints with proper sources, assisting in creating a pleasant environment in which to learn and work, and sharing in team responsibilities
h. providing leadership in educating other health personnel and the community
11. Participate in continuing education and professional growth
Technical Standards for Admission and Retention
Admissions and retention decision for Medical Laboratory Science are based not only on prior satisfactory academic achievements, but also on non-academic factors, which serve to insure that the candidate can complete the technical requirements of the program for graduation. Technical standard, as distinguished from academic standards, refers to those cognitive, physical and behavioral abilities that are necessary for satisfactory completion of all aspects of the curriculum and for the development of professional attributes required by the faculty of all students at graduation. The program’s Technical Standards have been developed in compliance with the American with Disabilities Act (PL101-336) and the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Science (NAACLS).
The following technical standards are identified as essential requirements, which must be met by all students in order to complete the program and insure entry-level competence in professional practice.
Observational Skills (use of visual, auditory, and somatic senses)
The student must be able to:
1. observe laboratory demonstrations in which human specimens (blood, body fluid, tissues, culture material, etc.) are analyzed for their biochemical, immunological, microbiological, or hematological components
2. characterize the color, odor, clarity, and viscosity of biological specimens, reagents, or biochemical products
3. employ a clinical microscope to discriminate among fine structural and color difference (hue, intensity and shading) of microscopic preparations. The student will be tested for color blindness using S. Ishihara’s Design Charts for Color-Blindness
4. read and comprehend text, numbers, and graphs displayed I print and on video display monitors
Motor Function Skills (physical motor skills, tasks or responses)
The student shall be able to:
1. move freely and safely about the clinical laboratories
2. reach laboratory bench tops, shelves, patients lying on hospital beds or seated in specimen collection chairs
3. travel to various clinical laboratories both on and off campus for practical experiences provided by the curriculum
4. perform moderately taxing continuous physical work, often requiring prolonged sitting or standing over several hours
5. maneuver equipment required to safely collect laboratory specimens in both an inpatient and outpatient setting
6. operate laboratory equipment (i.e., pipettes, test tubes, inoculating loops) and adjust instruments to perform laboratory procedures
7. use an electronic keyboard to operate laboratory instruments and to calculate, record, evaluate and transmit laboratory information
8. develop and establish procedures for collecting, processing and analyzing biological specimens
Communications Skills (oral and written communication)
The student shall be able to:
1. read and comprehend technical and professional materials including laboratory procedures, instructional manuals, technical manuals, textbooks and other reference materials in the laboratory
2. follow verbal and written instructions in order to correctly and independently perform laboratory procedures
3. instruct patients on specimen requirements prior to their collection to insure the validity of specimen for analysis
4. effectively and sensitively communicate with patients regarding laboratory tests
5. maintain confidentiality in appropriate communications with patients, physicians and other healthcare professionals regarding laboratory results and other patient information
6. communicate effectively with faculty staff and other healthcare professionals both verbally and in writing (typed reports, written messages or telecommunication)
7. independently prepare laboratory reports, papers or other written assignments required in the program
8. complete examinations provided in paper format, computer-assisted format and laboratory practical format
Intellectual Skills (conceptual, integrative, quantitative skills)
The student must be able to:
1. demonstrate the cognitive abilities necessary to master relevant content in the clinical laboratory course at a level deemed appropriate by the faculty
2. comprehend, analyze, integrate and synthesize clinical information or data as it relates to laboratory tests and procedures
3. accurately quantify, mathematically calculate, or extrapolate data related to laboratory tests
4. develop reasoning and decision making skills appropriate to the practice of clinical laboratory science
5. exercise sufficient judgment to recognize and correct deviations in performance
Behavioral/Social Skills (responsibility, integrity, professionalism)
The student must:
1. be able to manage the use of time and be able to systematize actions in order to complete professional and technical tasks within realistic constraints
2. possess the emotional health necessary to effectively employ intellectual and exercise appropriate judgment
3. be able to provide professional and technical services while experiencing the stresses of emergent demands (i.e., STAT orders) and distracting environment (noise levels, crowding, complex visual stimuli)
4. be flexible and creative when adapting to technical and professional changes in the laboratory
5. recognize potentially hazardous materials, equipment, and situations and proceed safely in order to minimize risk of injury to patients, self and colleagues
6. support and promote the activities of fellow students and of healthcare professionals to promote a team approach to learning, problem solving and overall patient care
7. be honest, compassionate, ethical and responsible
8. be forthright about errors or uncertainty
9. be able to critically evaluate self-performance, accept constructive criticism and look for ways to improve performance.
These technical standards identify the requirements for admission, retention and graduation of applicants and students, respectively. Graduates of the MLT Program are expected to be qualified to enter the profession. It is, therefore, the responsibility of the student with disabilities to request those accommodations that he/she feels are reasonable and are needed to execute the essential requirements described.
General Education Learning Outcomes
New River graduates will be able to:
1. think critically and analytically in order to solve problems and to formulate informed, reasoned opinions
2. communicate clearly, effectively, and confidently when writing, listening, speaking, or reading
3. use mathematical skills to solve problems and communicate data
4. use information access and research skills to retrieve, process, and evaluate information
5. demonstrate computer competency in organizing, accessing, creating, and communicating information
6. develop scientific inquiry and research skills and apply the scientific method toward problem solving
7. explore issues involving political, historical, economic, and social concerns
8. develop an ethical framework that encourages a sense of civic responsibility
9. use information from diagrams, blueprints, floor plans, tables, forms, and graphics (bar charts, pie charts, and line graphs, flow charts) to locate, insert, compare, and summarize information contained in one or more related graphics.
MDST 120/121 Phlebotomy with Laboratory (4 credits)
Introduces the student to the function of the clinical laboratory, careers in the laboratory and duties of the phlebotomist. This course covers clinical laboratory safety issues, regulatory and certification agencies, infection control policies, medical-legal issues and professional responsibilities. The student will study quality assurance concepts and professional standards. The major portion of this course is devoted to proper phlebotomy techniques, specimen processing procedures and patient safety issues. It is mandatory that the student receive the first injection of a series of three injections of the Hepatitis B vaccine before the third week of the course. Students who currently work as a phlebotomist AND are nationally certified (current active status) can waive this course; however, the student must take and pass the lecture final and lab final practical, demonstrating all competencies in accordance with CLSI guidelines. The student must also submit a copy of current HR position description with a letter from their supervisor/manager.
ENGL 101 Composition (3 credits)
BIOL 231/233L Human Anatomy & Physiology 1 with Laboratory (4 credits)
CHEM 101 Chemistry 1 with Laboratory (4 credits)
MATH 109 College Algebra (3 credits)
General Education Courses:
COSC 101 Microsoft Office Applications (3 credits) or BUSN 130 Microsoft Word & Internet (3 credits)
BIOL 232/234L Human Anatomy & Physiology 2 with Laboratory (4 credits)
CHEM 102/104L Chemistry 2 with Laboratory (4 credits)
ENGL 102 Research ( 3 credits) or ENGL 103 Technical Writing (3 credits)
SPCH 208 Fundamentals of Speech (3 credits) or BUSN 232 Business & Professional Communication ( 3 credits)
MLTN 220/222L Clinical Hematology & Hemostasis with Laboratory (5 units)
This course presents the origin of the various types of blood cells with emphasis on the red and white blood cells. The student will learn about human hematological disorders and classify these based on clinical laboratory findings. Also provides an overview of the coagulation process, disorders, and laboratory evaluations associated with the disorders. A laboratory component is included that emphasizes the morphology and identification of common human blood cells and various procedures used in the hematology and hemostasis departments.
MLTN 233/235L Clinical Chemistry and Lab Math with Laboratory (5 units)
Provides theoretical and fundamental instrumentation methodologies, including practical concepts associated with testing procedures used in the chemistry department. Includes important characteristics of electrolyte, carbohydrate, protein and lipid metabolism as they relate to laboratory analysis. Emphasizes major organ function and the appropriate assays, analysis of various body fluids, and laboratory findings to indicate various disease states. Provides concepts in endocrinology, therapeutic drug monitoring and molecular diagnostics. Includes application of general laboratory principles, laboratory math, quality control and variables affecting laboratory results.
MLTN 226/228L Clinical Urinalysis and Body Fluids with Laboratory (2 units)
Introduces various properties and constituents of urine and body fluids. Emphasizes the physical, chemical and microscopic examination of body fluids other than blood, interpretation of results, and compares these clinical values to health and disease.
MLTN 230/232L Clinical Immunology and Immunohematology with Laboratory (5 units)
Introduces basic principles of antigen and antibody reactions, blood grouping and typing, compatibility testing. Compares and contrasts the different immunological procedures and describes the mechanisms that protect the body from disease and infection. Emphasizes serological and transfusion services procedures used in the laboratory, including the processing, storing and issue of the various blood components for transfusion, and techniques such as dilutions to measure analytes qualitatively and quantitatively.
MLTN 236/238L Clinical Microbiology with Laboratory (5 units)
Introduces microorganisms of medical microbiology with emphasis on the morphological characteristics of clinically significant microorganisms and their biochemical profile, media for isolation and identification methods for selected pathogens. Incorporates identification methods, antibiotic susceptibility methods, and theories and techniques used in basic bacteriology. Introduces the medically significant yeasts, fungi, parasites and viruses that cause human disease. Emphasis is on specimen collection and preparation, morphological characteristics and identification methods.
MLTN 240 Practicum / Clinical Rotations (12 units)
Introduces entry-level clinical laboratory practice and experience in the departments of specimen collection and processing, hematology, urinalysis, coagulation (hemostasis), chemistry, immunology, immunohematology (blood bank) and microbiology. Emphasizes proper laboratory techniques, safety practices, theory and application of knowledge. Automation and instrumentation methods will be introduced as well as manual methods. Competence will be evaluated based on final clinical evaluations by clinical preceptors. The practicum portion of the program will be conducted at a clinical affiliate site that will be assigned by the MLT program director or coordinator.
MLTN 245 Capstone Seminar (2 units)
American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) national board certification application and state licensure application (if applicable) and preparation for the national board examination including mock examination. Capstone project assigned. Additional fees apply.